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Manganese Oxide as an Inorganic Catalyst for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction Studied by X-Ray Photoelectron and Operando Raman Spectroscopy

Radinger, H.; Connor, P.; Stark, R.; Jaegermann, W.; Kaiser, B.

Abstract (englisch):
Manganese oxide (MnO$_{x}$) is considered a promising material for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) to replace noble metal catalysts in water splitting. The improvement of MnO$_{x}$ requires mechanistic and kinetic knowledge of the four-electron transfer steps of the OER. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, a widely used tool to characterize the electronic structure of thin films, is used in combination with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy to gain a deeper knowledge of the different mixed MnO$_{x}$ types and their respective change in chemical composition. Using Raman spectroscopy during electrochemical measurements, all samples were found to reveal Birnessite-type MnO$_{2}$ motifs in alkaline media at an applied potential. Their activity correlates with two shifting Raman active modes, one of them being assigned to the formation of Mn$^{III}$ species, and one to the expansion of layers of MnO$_{6}$ octahedra. A special activation treatment leads independent of the starting material to a highly amorphous mixed-valence oxide, which shows the highest OER activity.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000128222
Veröffentlicht am 18.01.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 18.02.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1867-3880, 1867-3899
KITopen-ID: 1000128222
Erschienen in ChemCatChem
Verlag Wiley-VCH Verlag
Band 13
Heft 4
Seiten 1175-1185
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 24.11.2020
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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