We propose combinatorial fusion rules that describe the codon assignment in the standard genetic code simply and uniformly for all canonical amino acids. These rules become obvious if the origin of the standard genetic code is considered as a result of a fusion of four protocodes: Two dominant AU and GC protocodes and two recessive AU and GC protocodes. The biochemical meaning of the fusion rules consists of retaining the complementarity between cognate codons of the small hydrophobic amino acids and large charged or polar amino acids within the protocodes. The proto tRNAs were assembled in form of two kissing hairpins with 9-base and 10-base loops in the case of dominant protocodes and two 9-base loops in the case of recessive protocodes. The fusion rules reveal the connection between the stop codons, the non-canonical amino acids, pyrrolysine and selenocysteine, and deviations in the translation of mitochondria. Using fusion rules, we predicted the existence of additional amino acids that are essential for the development of the standard genetic code. The validity of the proposed partition of the genetic code into dominant and recessive protocodes is considered referring to state-of-the-art hypotheses. ... mehrThe formation of two aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase classes is compatible with four-protocode partition.