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The success story of graphite as a lithium-ion anode material – fundamentals, remaining challenges, and recent developments including silicon (oxide) composites

Asenbauer, Jakob 1; Eisenmann, Tobias 1; Kuenzel, Matthias 1; Kazzazi, Arefeh 1; Chen, Zhen 1; Bresser, Dominic 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Lithium-ion batteries are nowadays playing a pivotal role in our everyday life thanks to their excellent rechargeability, suitable power density, and outstanding energy density. A key component that has paved the way for this success story in the past almost 30 years is graphite, which has served as a lithium-ion host structure for the negative electrode. And despite extensive research efforts to find suitable alternatives with enhanced power and/or energy density, while maintaining the excellent cycling stability, graphite is still used in the great majority of presently available commercial lithium-ion batteries. A comprehensive review article focusing on graphite as lithium-ion intercalation host, however, appeared to be missing so far. Thus, herein, we provide an overview on the relevant fundamental aspects for the de-/lithiation mechanism, the already overcome and remaining challenges (including, for instance, the potential fast charging and the recycling), as well as recent progress in the field such as the trade-off between relatively cheaper natural graphite and comparably purer synthetic graphite and the introduction of relevant amounts of silicon (oxide) to boost the energy and power density. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000128531
DOI: 10.1039/d0se00175a
Zitationen: 632
Zitationen: 663
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 11.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2398-4902
KITopen-ID: 1000128531
HGF-Programm 37.01.01 (POF III, LK 01) Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Sustainable energy & fuels
Verlag Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Band 4
Heft 11
Seiten 5387–5416
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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