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Physical activity and screen time of children and adolescents before and during the COVID-19 lockdown in Germany : a natural experiment

Schmidt, Steffen C. E. 1; Anedda, Bastian 1; Burchartz, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1; Eichsteller, Ana 1; Kolb, Simon ORCID iD icon 1; Nigg, Carina ORCID iD icon 1; Niessner, Claudia 1; Oriwol, Doris 1; Worth, Annette 1; Woll, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract (englisch):

The impact of COVID-19 on social life has been drastic and global. However, the different numbers of cases and different actions in different countries have been leading to various interesting yet unexplored effects on human behavior. In the present study, we compare the physical activity and recreational screen time of a representative sample of 1711 4- to 17-year-olds before and during the strictest time of the first COVID-19 lockdown in Germany. We found that sports activity declined whereas recreational screen time increased. However, a substantial increase in habitual physical activities leads to an overall increase in physical activity among children and adolescents in Germany. The effects differ in size but not in their direction between age groups and are stable for boys and girls. We conclude from this natural experiment that physical activity among children and adolescents is highly context-driven and mutual and does not act as a functional opposite to recreational screen time.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000128609
Veröffentlicht am 19.01.2021
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-78438-4
Zitationen: 284
Web of Science
Zitationen: 241
Zitationen: 335
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2045-2322
KITopen-ID: 1000128609
Erschienen in Scientific reports
Verlag Nature Research
Band 10
Heft 1
Seiten Art. Nr.: 21780
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 11.12.2020
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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