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Cultivation-Independent Analysis of the Bacterial Community Associated With the Calcareous Sponge Clathrina clathrus and Isolation of Poriferisphaera corsica Gen. Nov., Sp. Nov., Belonging to the Barely Studied Class Phycisphaerae in the Phylum Planctomycetes

Kallscheuer, N.; Wiegand, Sandra; Kohn, T.; Boedeker, C.; Jeske, O.; Rast, P.; Müller, R.-W.; Brümmer, F.; Heuer, A.; Jetten, M. S. M.; Rohde, M.; Jogler, M.; Jogler, C.

Abstract:
Marine ecosystems serve as global carbon sinks and nutrient source or breeding ground for aquatic animals. Sponges are ancient parts of these important ecosystems and can be found in caves, the deep-sea, clear waters, or more turbid environments. Here, we studied the bacterial community composition of the calcareous sponge Clathrina clathrus sampled close to the island Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea with an emphasis on planctomycetes. We show that the phylum Planctomycetes accounts for 9% of the C. clathrus-associated bacterial community, a 5-fold enrichment compared to the surrounding seawater. Indeed, the use of C. clathrus as a yet untapped source of novel planctomycetal strains led to the isolation of strain KS4T. The strain represents a novel genus and species within the class Phycisphaerae in the phylum Planctomycetes and displays interesting cell biological features, such as formation of outer membrane vesicles and an unexpected mode of cell division.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000129129
Veröffentlicht am 29.01.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische Grenzflächen (IBG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1664-302X
KITopen-ID: 1000129129
HGF-Programm 47.02.05 (POF III, LK 01) Zellpopul.auf Biofunk.Oberflächen IBG-5
Erschienen in Frontiers in microbiology
Verlag Frontiers Media
Band 11
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 602250
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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