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A Brief History of OLEDs—Emitter Development and Industry Milestones

Hong, Gloria 1; Gan, Xuemin 1; Leonhardt, Céline 1; Zhang, Zheng; Seibert, Jasmin 1; Busch, Jasmin M. 1; Bräse, Stefan 1
1 Institut für Organische Chemie (IOC), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:
Organic light‐emitting diodes (OLEDs) have come a long way ever since their first introduction in 1987 at Eastman Kodak. Today, OLEDs are especially valued in the display and lighting industry for their promising features. As one of the research fields that equally inspires and drives development in academia and industry, OLED device technology has continuously evolved over more than 30 years. OLED devices have come forward based on three generations of emitter materials relying on fluorescence (first generation), phosphorescence (second generation), and thermally activated delayed fluorescence (third generation). Furthermore, research in academia and industry toward the fourth generation of OLEDs is in progress. Excerpts from the history of green, orange‐red, and blue OLED emitter development on the side of academia and milestones achieved by key players in the industry are included in this report.


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000129541
Veröffentlicht am 15.04.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1002/adma.202005630
Scopus
Zitationen: 130
Web of Science
Zitationen: 136
Dimensions
Zitationen: 151
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische und Chemische Systeme (IBCS)
Institut für Organische Chemie (IOC)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Interfakultative Einrichtungen (Interfakultative Einrichtungen)
Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics (KSOP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 04.03.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0935-9648, 1521-4095
KITopen-ID: 1000129541
HGF-Programm 43.33.11 (POF IV, LK 01) Adaptive and Bioinstructive Materials Systems
Erschienen in Advanced materials
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Band 33
Heft 9
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 2005630
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 18.01.2021
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Scopus
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