KIT | KIT-Bibliothek | Impressum | Datenschutz

The effects of climate change on hailstorms

Raupach, Timothy H.; Martius, Olivia; Allen, John T.; Kunz, Michael ORCID iD icon 1; Lasher-Trapp, Sonia; Mohr, Susanna ORCID iD icon 1; Rasmussen, Kristen L.; Trapp, Robert J.; Zhang, Qinghong
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Troposphärenforschung (IMKTRO), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Hailstorms are dangerous and costly phenomena that are expected to change in response to a warming climate. In this Review, we summarize current knowledge of climate change effects on hailstorms. As a result of anthropogenic warming, it is generally anticipated that low-level moisture and convective instability will increase, raising hailstorm likelihood and enabling the formation of larger hailstones; the melting height will rise, enhancing hail melt and increasing the average size of surviving hailstones; and vertical wind shear will decrease overall, with limited influence on the overall hailstorm activity, owing to a predominance of other factors. Given geographic differences and offsetting interactions in these projected environmental changes, there is spatial heterogeneity in hailstorm responses. Observations and modelling lead to the general expectation that hailstorm frequency will increase in Australia and Europe, but decrease in East Asia and North America, while hail severity will increase in most regions. However, these projected changes show marked spatial and temporal variability. Owing to a dearth of long-term observations, as well as incomplete process understanding and limited convection-permitting modelling studies, current and future climate change effects on hailstorms remain highly uncertain. ... mehr

Postprint §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000129573
Veröffentlicht am 21.11.2022
DOI: 10.1038/s43017-020-00133-9
Zitationen: 60
Web of Science
Zitationen: 51
Zitationen: 68
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Troposphärenforschung (IMKTRO)
KIT-Zentrum Klima und Umwelt (ZKU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2662-138X
KITopen-ID: 1000129573
HGF-Programm 12.11.35 (POF IV, LK 01) Tailored information for users and stakeholders
Erschienen in Nature Reviews Earth & Environment
Verlag Nature Research
Band 2
Seiten 213–226
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 09.02.2021
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
KITopen Landing Page