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Designing for justice in electricity systems: A comparison of smart grid experiments in the Netherlands

Milchram, Christine ORCID iD icon; Künneke, Rolf; Doorn, Neelke; Kaa, Geerten van de; Hillerbrand, Rafaela 1
1 Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


In future urban energy systems, smart grid systems will be crucial for the integration of renewable energy. However, their deployment has moral implications, for example regarding data privacy, user autonomy, or distribution of responsibilities. ‘Energy justice’ is one of the most comprehensive frameworks to address these implications, but remains limited regarding smart grids, and regarding concrete guidelines for designers and policymakers. In this paper, we fill this gap by answering the following research question: How do design choices in smart grid projects impact energy justice? Thereby, four smart grid pilot projects are evaluated in a comparative qualitative case study research design. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and a content analysis. Our findings contribute to the energy justice literature with insights regarding the design for distributive, recognition, and procedural justice. They underscore the importance of fairness in data governance, participatory design, user control and autonomy, technology inclusiveness, and the design for expansion and replication. Future research should explore the feasibility to govern smart grids as commons and the relationship between trust and perceptions of justice. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000129656
Veröffentlicht am 12.02.2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111720
Zitationen: 31
Web of Science
Zitationen: 24
Zitationen: 29
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0301-4215
KITopen-ID: 1000129656
Erschienen in Energy policy
Verlag Elsevier
Band 147
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 111720
Schlagwörter Energy justice; Design for justice; Smart grid systems; Digitalization; Flexibility; Case study research
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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