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Will We Do If We Can? Habitual Qualitative and Quantitative Physical Activity in Multi-Morbid, Older Persons with Cognitive Impairment

Abel, Bastian; Bongartz, Martin; Eckert, Tobias; Ullrich, Phoebe; Beurskens, Rainer; Mellone, Sabato; Bauer, Jürgen M.; Lamb, Sallie E.; Hauer, Klaus

Abstract:
This study aimed to identify determinants of quantitative dimensions of physical activity (PA; duration, frequency, and intensity) in community-dwelling, multi-morbid, older persons with cognitive impairment (CI). In addition, qualitative and quantitative aspects of habitual PA have been described. Quantitative PA and qualitative gait characteristics while walking straight and while walking turns were documented by a validated, sensor-based activity monitor. Univariate and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to delineate associations of quantitative PA dimensions with qualitative characteristics of gait performance and further potential influencing factors (motor capacity measures, demographic, and health-related parameters). In 94 multi-morbid, older adults (82.3 ± 5.9 years) with CI (Mini-Mental State Examination score: 23.3 ± 2.4), analyses of quantitative and qualitative PA documented highly inactive behavior (89.6% inactivity) and a high incidence of gait deficits, respectively. The multiple regression models (adjusted R$^{2}$ = 0.395–0.679, all p < 0.001) identified specific qualitative gait characteristics as independent determinants for all quantitative PA dimensions, whereas motor capacity was an independent determinant only for the PA dimension duration. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000129658
Veröffentlicht am 12.02.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2020
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1424-8220
KITopen-ID: 1000129658
Erschienen in Sensors
Verlag MDPI
Band 20
Heft 24
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 7208
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 16.12.2020
Schlagwörter sensor-based; activity behavior; gait; turning; symmetry; regularity; qualitative; determinants
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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