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Heterogeneity of Graphite Lithiation in State‐of‐the‐Art Cylinder‐Type Li‐Ion Cells

Petz, Dominik; Mühlbauer, Martin J.; Schökel, Alexander; Achterhold, Klaus; Pfeiffer, Franz; Pirling, Thilo; Hofmann, Michael; Senyshyn, Anatoliy

Abstract:
The two‐dimensional lithium distribution in the graphite anode was non‐destructively probed by spatially resolved neutron diffraction for a batch consisting of 34 different cylinder‐type (18650) Li‐ion batteries in fully charged state. The uniformity of the lithium distribution was quantified and correlated to the cell specifications/electrochemistry and to intrinsic cell parameters like electrode thickness, position of current collectors, etc. which were obtained by X‐ray micro‐computed tomography. Non‐uniformities in the lithiation state of the anode from a constant plateau have been observed for the majority of the studied cells. Their location corresponds to the positions of current tabs connecting the electrode stripes and areas of incomplete electrode coating at the beginning and the end of the electrode stripes. Four commonly used schemes of current lid connection were identified. Each of them displays its own effect on the uniformity of the lithiation at the anode and, therefore, variation of the intrinsic state‐of‐charge distribution and, most probably, the ageing behavior of the electrodes.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000129875
Veröffentlicht am 19.02.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 02.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2566-6223, 2566-6223
KITopen-ID: 1000129875
HGF-Programm 37.01.03 (POF III, LK 01) Batteries in Application
Erschienen in Batteries & supercaps
Verlag Wiley
Band 4
Heft 2
Seiten 327–335
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 23.11.2020
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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