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A Systematic Review Examining the Relationship Between Habit and Physical Activity Behavior in Longitudinal Studies

Feil, Katharina; Allion, Sarah; Weyland, Susanne; Jekauc, Darko

Abstract (englisch):
"Purpose: To explain physical activity behavior, social-cognitive theories were most commonly used in the past. Besides conscious processes, the approach of dual processes additionally incorporates non-conscious regulatory processes into physical activity behavior theories. Habits are one of various non-conscious variables that can influence behavior and thus play an important role in terms of behavior change. The aim of this review was to examine the relationship between habit strength and physical activity behavior in longitudinal studies.

Methods: According to the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic search was conducted in three databases. Only peer-reviewed articles using a longitudinal study design were included. Both, habit and physical activity were measured at least once, and habit was related to physical activity behavior. Study quality was evaluated by assessment tools of the NHLBI.

Results: Of 3.382 identified publications between 2016 and 2019, fifteen studies with different study designs were included. Most studies supported that positive correlations between habit and physical activity exist. Some positive direct and indirect effects of habit on physical activity were detected and only a minority of studies showed the influence of physical activity on habit strength. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000130288
Veröffentlicht am 08.03.2021
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.626750
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1664-1078
KITopen-ID: 1000130288
Erschienen in Frontiers in psychology
Verlag Frontiers Media
Band 12
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.03.2021
Schlagwörter habit, physical activity, longitudinal, maintenance, review, automaticity
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