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Comparable emotional dynamics in women with ADHD and borderline personality disorder

Moukhtarian, Talar R.; Reinhard, Iris; Moran, Paul; Ryckaert, Celine; Skirrow, Caroline; Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich; Asherson, Philip

Abstract:
Background
Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a core diagnostic symptom in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and an associated feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to investigate differences in dynamical indices of ED in daily life in ADHD and BPD.

Methods
We used experience sampling method (ESM) and multilevel modelling to assess momentary changes in reports of affective symptoms, and retrospective questionnaire measures of ED in a sample of 98 adult females with ADHD, BPD, comorbid ADHD+BPD and healthy controls.

Results
We found marked differences between the clinical groups and healthy controls. However, the ESM assessments did not show differences in the intensity of feeling angry and irritable, and the instability of feeling sad, irritable and angry, findings paralleled by data from retrospective questionnaires. The heightened intensity in negative emotions in the clinical groups compared to controls was only partially explained by bad events at the time of reporting negative emotions, suggesting both reactive and endogenous influences on ED in both ADHD and BPD.

Conclusions
This study supports the view that ED is a valuable trans-diagnostic aspect of psychopathology in both ADHD and BPD, with similar levels of intensity and instability. ... mehr

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000130298
Veröffentlicht am 11.03.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 12.02.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2051-6673
KITopen-ID: 1000130298
Erschienen in Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Verlag BioMed Central (BMC)
Band 8
Heft 1
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 6
Schlagwörter Emotional dysregulation; Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; Borderline personality disorder; Experience sampling method; Transdiagnostic;
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