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Modulating electron density of vacancy site by single Au atom for effective CO$_{2}$ photoreduction

Cao, Yuehan; Guo, Lan; Dan, Meng; Doronkin, Dmitry E. ORCID iD icon 1,2; Han, Chunqiu; Rao, Zhiqiang; Liu, Yang; Meng, Jie; Huang, Zeai; Zheng, Kaibo; Chen, Peng; Dong, Fan; Zhou, Ying
1 Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie (ITCP), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


The surface electron density significantly affects the photocatalytic efficiency, especially the photocatalytic CO$_{2}$ reduction reaction, which involves multi-electron participation in the conversion process. Herein, we propose a conceptually different mechanism for surface electron density modulation based on the model of Au anchored CdS. We firstly manipulate the direction of electron transfer by regulating the vacancy types of CdS. When electrons accumulate on vacancies instead of single Au atoms, the adsorption types of CO$_{2}$ change from physical adsorption to chemical adsorption. More importantly, the surface electron density is manipulated by controlling the size of Au nanostructures. When Au nanoclusters downsize to single Au atoms, the strong hybridization of Au 5d and S 2p orbits accelerates the photo-electrons transfer onto the surface, resulting in more electrons available for CO$_{2}$ reduction. As a result, the product generation rate of Au$_{SA}$/Cd$_{1-x}$S manifests a remarkable at least 113-fold enhancement compared with pristine Cd$_{1-x}$S.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000130822
Veröffentlicht am 22.03.2021
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-21925-7
Zitationen: 144
Web of Science
Zitationen: 142
Zitationen: 161
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT)
Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie (ITCP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2041-1723
KITopen-ID: 1000130822
HGF-Programm 38.03.02 (POF IV, LK 01) Power-based Fuels and Chemicals
Weitere HGF-Programme 56.98.01 (POF III, LK 01) Betrieb in MML
Erschienen in Nature Communications
Verlag Nature Research
Band 12
Heft 1
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 1675
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 15.03.2021
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