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Large characteristic lengths in 3D chiral elastic metamaterials

Frenzel, Tobias; Hahn, Vincent; Ziemke, Patrick; Schneider, Jonathan Ludwig Günter; Chen, Yi; Kiefer, Pascal; Gumbsch, Peter; Wegener, Martin

Abstract:
Three-dimensional (3D) chiral mechanical metamaterials enable behaviors not accessible in ordinary materials. In particular, a coupling between displacements and rotations can occur, which is symmetry-forbidden without chirality. In this work, we solve three open challenges of chiral metamaterials. First, we provide a simple analytical model, which we use to rationalize the design of the chiral characteristic length. Second, using rapid multi-photon multi-focus 3D laser microprinting, we manufacture samples with more than 105 micrometer-sized 3D chiral unit cells. This number surpasses previous work by more than two orders of magnitude. Third, using analytical and numerical modeling, we realize chiral characteristic lengths of the order of ten unit cells, changing the sample-size dependence qualitatively and quantitatively. In the small-sample limit, the twist per axial strain is initially proportional to the sample side length, reaching a maximum at the characteristic length. In the thermodynamic limit, the twist per axial strain is proportional to the square of the characteristic length. We show that chiral micropolar continuum elasticity can reproduce this behavior.

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Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000131267
Veröffentlicht am 09.04.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1038/s43246-020-00107-w
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Physik (APH)
Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Institut für Angewandte Materialien - Computational Materials Science (IAM-CMS)
3D Matter Made to Order (3DMM2O)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2662-4443
KITopen-ID: 1000131267
Erschienen in Communications materials
Verlag Springer Nature
Band 2
Heft 1
Seiten Art.Nr. 4
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 04.01.2021
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