A directed acyclic hypergraph is a generalized concept of a directed acyclic graph, where each hyperedge can contain an arbitrary number of tails and heads. Directed hypergraphs can be used to model data flow and execution dependencies in streaming applications. Thus, hypergraph partitioning algorithms can be used to obtain efficient parallelizations for multiprocessor architectures. However, an acyclicity constraint on the partition is necessary when mapping streaming applications to embedded multiprocessors due to resource restrictions on this type of hardware. The acyclic hypergraph partitioning problem is to partition the hypernodes of a directed acyclic hypergraph into a given number of blocks of roughly equal size such that the corresponding quotient graph is acyclic while minimizing an objective function on the partition.
Here, we contribute the first n-level algorithm for the acyclic hypergraph partitioning problem. Our focus is on acyclic hypergraphs where hyperedges can have one head and arbitrary many tails. Based on this, we engineer a memetic algorithm to further reduce communication cost, as well as to improve scheduling makespan on embedded multiprocessor architectures. ... mehrExperiments indicate that our algorithm outperforms previous algorithms that focus on the directed acyclic graph case which have previously been employed in the application domain. Moreover, our experiments indicate that using the directed hypergraph model for this type of application yields a significantly smaller makespan.