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Global distribution of oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mineral topsoils

Wilcke, Wolfgang 1; Bigalke, Moritz; Wei, Chong; Han, Yongming; Musa Bandowe, Benjamin A.
1 Institut für Geographie und Geoökologie (IFGG), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:
Hazardous oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OPAHs) originate from combustion (primary sources) or postemission conversion of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (secondary sources). We evaluated the global distribution of up to 15 OPAHs in 195 mineral topsoils from 33 study sites (covering 52° N–47° S, 71° W–118 °E) to identify indications of primary or secondary sources of OPAHs. The sums of the (frequently measured 7 and 15) OPAH concentrations correlated with those of the Σ16EPA-PAHs. The relationship of the Σ16EPA-PAH concentrations with the Σ7OPAH/Σ16EPA-PAH concentration ratios (a measure of the variable OPAH sources) could be described by a power function with a negative exponent <1, leveling off at a Σ16EPA-PAH concentration of approximately 400 ng g–1. We suggest that below this value, secondary sources contributed more to the OPAH burden in soil than above this value, where primary sources dominated the OPAH mixture. This was supported by a negative correlation of the Σ16EPA-PAH concentrations with the contribution of the more readily biologically produced highly polar OPAHs (log octanol-water partition coefficient <3) to the Σ7OPAH concentrations. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000133596
Veröffentlicht am 23.08.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1002/jeq2.20224
Scopus
Zitationen: 1
Dimensions
Zitationen: 1
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Geographie und Geoökologie (IFGG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0047-2425, 1537-2537
KITopen-ID: 1000133596
Erschienen in Journal of Environmental Quality
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Band 50
Heft 3
Seiten 717-729
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Dimensions
Scopus
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