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Integrated multidimensional sustainability assessment of energy system transformation pathways

Naegler, T.; Becker, L.; Buchgeister, J. 1; Hauser, W.; Hottenroth, H.; Junne, T.; Lehr, U.; Scheel, O.; Schmidt-Scheele, R.; Simon, S.; Sutardhio, C.; Tietze, I.; Ulrich, P.; Viere, T.; Weidlich, A.
1 Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Sustainable development embraces a broad spectrum of social, economic and ecological aspects. Thus, a sustainable transformation process of energy systems is inevitably multidimensional and needs to go beyond climate impact and cost considerations. An approach for an integrated and interdisciplinary sustainability assessment of energy system transformation pathways is presented here. It first integrates energy system modeling with a multidimensional impact assessment that focuses on life cycle-based environmental and macroeconomic impacts. Then, stakeholders’ preferences with respect to defined sustainability indicators are inquired, which are finally integrated into a comparative scenario evaluation through a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), all in one consistent assessment framework. As an illustrative example, this holistic approach is applied to the sustainability assessment of ten different transformation strategies for Germany. Applying multi-criteria decision analysis reveals that both ambitious (80%) and highly ambitious (95%) carbon reduction scenarios can achieve top sustainability ranks, depending on the underlying energy transformation pathways and respective scores in other sustainability dimensions. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000133654
Veröffentlicht am 09.06.2021
DOI: 10.3390/su13095217
Zitationen: 24
Web of Science
Zitationen: 24
Zitationen: 28
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2071-1050
KITopen-ID: 1000133654
HGF-Programm 37.11.02 (POF IV, LK 01) Societally-Feasible Transformation Pathways
Erschienen in Sustainability (Switzerland)
Verlag MDPI
Band 13
Heft 9
Seiten 5217
Schlagwörter energy scenario; energy system modeling; sustainability; impact assessment; life cycle assessment (LCA); macroeconomic modeling; focus group; conjoint analysis; discrete choice experiment; multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA)
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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