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Hydrogen Road Transport Analysis in the Energy System: A Case Study for Germany through 2050

Reuß, Markus; Dimos, Paris 1; Léon, Aline; Grube, Thomas; Robinius, Martin; Stolten, Detlef
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:
Carbon-free transportation is envisaged by means of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) propelled by hydrogen that originates from renewably electricity. However, there is a spatial and temporal gap in the production and demand of hydrogen. Therefore, hydrogen storage and transport remain key challenges for sustainable transportation with FCEVs. In this study, we propose a method for calculating a spatially resolved highway routing model for Germany to transport hydrogen by truck from the 15 production locations (source) to the 9683 fueling stations (sink) required by 2050. We consider herein three different storage modes, namely compressed gaseous hydrogen (CGH2), liquid hydrogen (LH2) and liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHC). The model applies Dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm for all available source-sink connections prior to optimizing the supply. By creating a detailed routing result for each source-sink connection, a detour factor is introduced for “first and last mile” transportation. The average detour factor of 1.32 is shown to be necessary for the German highway grid. Thereafter, the related costs, transportation time and travelled distances are calculated and compared for the examined storage modes. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000133786
Veröffentlicht am 10.06.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3390/en14113166
Scopus
Zitationen: 2
Dimensions
Zitationen: 4
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Institut für Angewandte Materialien (IAM)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1996-1073
KITopen-ID: 1000133786
HGF-Programm 38.03 (POF IV, LK 01) Chemical Energy Carriers
Erschienen in Energies
Verlag MDPI
Band 14
Heft 11
Seiten Article: 3166
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 28.05.2021
Schlagwörter hydrogen transport; hydrogen infrastructure; truck routing; compressed gaseous hydrogen; liquid hydrogen; liquid organic hydrogen carriers
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Scopus
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