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Impact of European Beech Forest Diversification on Soil Organic Carbon and Total Nitrogen Stocks–A Meta-Analysis

Rehschuh, Stephanie; Jonard, Mathieu; Wiesmeier, Martin; Rennenberg, Heinz; Dannenmann, Michael


Drought-sensitive European beech forests are increasingly challenged by climate change. Admixing other, preferably more deep-rooting, tree species has been proposed to increase the resilience of beech forests to drought. This diversification of beech forests might also affect soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) stocks that are relevant for a wide range of soil functions and ecosystem services, such as water and nutrient retention, filter functions and erosion control. Since information of these effects is scattered, our aim was to synthesize results from studies that compared SOC/TN stocks of beech monocultures with those of beech stands mixed with other tree species as well as monocultures of other tree species. We conducted a meta-analysis including 38 studies with 203, 220, and 160 observations for forest floor (i.e., the organic surface layer), mineral soil (0.5 m depth) and the total soil profile, respectively. Monoculture conifer stands had higher SOC stocks compared to monoculture beech in general, especially in the forest floor (up to 200% in larch forests). In contrast, other broadleaved tree species (oak, ash, lime, maple, hornbeam) showed lower SOC stocks in the forest floor compared to beech, with little impact on total SOC stocks. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000133854
Veröffentlicht am 14.06.2021
DOI: 10.3389/ffgc.2021.606669
Zitationen: 14
Web of Science
Zitationen: 14
Zitationen: 18
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2624-893X
KITopen-ID: 1000133854
HGF-Programm 12.11.23 (POF IV, LK 01) Adaptation of managed landscapes to climate change
Erschienen in Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
Verlag Frontiers Media SA
Band 4
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 606669
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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