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The role of land cover in the climate of glacial Europe

Velasquez, Patricio; Kaplan, Jed O.; Messmer, Martina; Ludwig, Patrick 1; Raible, Christoph C.
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Earth system models show wide disagreement when simulating the climate of the continents at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). This disagreement may be related to a variety of factors, including model resolution and an incomplete representation of Earth system processes. To assess the importance of resolution and land–atmosphere feedbacks on the climate of Europe, we performed an iterative asynchronously coupled land–atmosphere modelling experiment that combined a global climate model, a regional climate model, and a dynamic vegetation model. The regional climate and land cover models were run at high (18 km) resolution over a domain covering the ice-free regions of Europe. Asynchronous coupling between the regional climate model and the vegetation model showed that the land–atmosphere coupling achieves quasi-equilibrium after four iterations. Modelled climate and land cover agree reasonably well with independent reconstructions based on pollen and other paleoenvironmental proxies. To assess the importance of land cover on the LGM climate of Europe, we performed a sensitivity simulation where we used LGM climate but present-day (PD) land cover. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000134034
Veröffentlicht am 16.06.2021
DOI: 10.5194/cp-17-1161-2021
Zitationen: 2
Web of Science
Zitationen: 2
Zitationen: 4
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1814-9332
KITopen-ID: 1000134034
HGF-Programm 12.11.33 (POF IV, LK 01) Regional Climate and Hydrology
Erschienen in Climate of the past
Verlag Copernicus Publications
Band 17
Heft 3
Seiten 1161–1180
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 14.06.2021
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