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Appraising Mahallat Geothermal Region using thermal surveying data accompanied by the geological, geochemical and gravity analyses

Nouraliee, Javad; Ebrahimi, Davar; Dashti, Ali 1; Gholami Korzani, Maziar; Sangin, Sepehr
1 Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Mahallat Geothermal Region, located in the central part of Iran, is known as one of the largest lowtemperature geothermal fields. In this study, Mahallat geothermal resource has been evaluated based on integrated geological, geochemical and geophysical analyses. Gravity data revealed three major negative anomaly zones. Based on the geochemical analyses, quartz geothermometers are more reliable than others and confirmed that the reservoir is about 90 °C. Lithological properties of Jurassic layers and high sulphate content observed in geochemical data showed traces of the coalrich layers on the hot fluids. Measured temperatures in 7 boreholes with the depths ranging from 50 to 100 m, have proposed that expected geothermal gradient will be about 81.5 °C/km. Among all drilled boreholes, the data coming from only one resulted in this almost reliable gradient. Other boreholes are clearly too shallow or affected by upflow or downflow of water along existing faults. Geological, geochemical, gravity and measurements of drilled boreholes suggested the existence of a shallow reservoir with an approximate temperature of 90 °C. Regarding gravity and observed faults, geothermal reservoir is elongated parallel to one of the main faults of the region with NE-SW strike.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000134085
Veröffentlicht am 17.06.2021
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-90866-4
Zitationen: 3
Web of Science
Zitationen: 1
Zitationen: 4
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2045-2322
KITopen-ID: 1000134085
Erschienen in Scientific reports
Verlag Nature Research
Band 11
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 12190
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 09.06.2021
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