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Superconductors for power applications: An executable and web application to learn about resistive fault current limiters

Riva, Nicolò; Grilli, Francesco 1; Dutoit, Bertrand
1 Institut für Technische Physik (ITEP)


High-temperature superconductors (HTS) can be superconducting in liquid nitrogen (77 K) at atmospheric pressure, which holds immense promises for our future such as nuclear fusion, compact medical devices and efficient power applications. In a power system, high short-circuit currents can exceed the operational current by more than ten times, putting many parts of the system at risk. Superconducting fault current limiters (SFCLs) can limit the prospective fault current without disconnecting the power system, and are thus becoming increasingly attractive for future grids. With a growing interest in modeling and commercializing SFCL, the question of how to teach and to explain their operation to students has arisen. In order to help students visualize the potential use and benefits of an SFCL, we created an executable and a web application using COMSOL Multiphysics. This executable allows students to investigate the electro-thermal response of a resistive SFCL. The executable solves a 1D electro-thermal model of the SFCL under AC fault conditions, evaluating important figures of merit such as the limited current, the prospective current and the maximum temperature reached within the tape. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000134266
Veröffentlicht am 26.06.2021
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6404/abf0da
Zitationen: 4
Zitationen: 5
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technische Physik (ITEP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0143-0807, 1361-6404
KITopen-ID: 1000134266
HGF-Programm 38.05.03 (POF IV, LK 01) High Temperature Superconductivity
Erschienen in European Journal of Physics
Verlag Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd (IOP Publishing Ltd)
Band 42
Heft 4
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 045802
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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