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Novel CRISPR/Cas applications in plants: from prime editing to chromosome engineering

Huang, Teng-Kuei 1; Puchta, Holger 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:

In the last years, tremendous progress has been made in the development of CRISPR/Cas-mediated genome editing tools. A number of natural CRISPR/Cas nuclease variants have been characterized. Engineered Cas proteins have been developed to minimize PAM restrictions, off-side effects and temperature sensitivity. Both kinds of enzymes have, by now, been applied widely and efficiently in many plant species to generate either single or multiple mutations at the desired loci by multiplexing. In addition to DSB-induced mutagenesis, specifically designed CRISPR/Cas systems allow more precise gene editing, resulting not only in random mutations but also in predefined changes. Applications in plants include gene targeting by homologous recombination, base editing and, more recently, prime editing. We will evaluate these different technologies for their prospects and practical applicability in plants. In addition, we will discuss a novel application of the Cas9 nuclease in plants, enabling the induction of heritable chromosomal rearrangements, such as inversions and translocations. This technique will make it possible to change genetic linkages in a programmed way and add another level of genome engineering to the toolbox of plant breeding. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000134631
Veröffentlicht am 01.07.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1007/s11248-021-00238-x
Scopus
Zitationen: 23
Web of Science
Zitationen: 22
Dimensions
Zitationen: 30
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Botanisches Institut (BOTANIK)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0962-8819, 1573-9368
KITopen-ID: 1000134631
Erschienen in Transgenic research
Verlag Springer
Band 30
Heft 4
Seiten 529-549
Projektinformation Newcotiana (EU, H2020, 760331)
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 01.03.2021
Schlagwörter CRISPR; Cas9; Cas12a; Gene editing; Chromosome engineering
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
Dimensions
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