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Regulation of p53 by E3s

Pan, Mengwu 1; Blattner, Christine 1
1 Institut für Technik der Informationsverarbeitung (ITIV), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract:

More than 40 years of research on p53 have given us tremendous knowledge about this protein. Today we know that p53 plays a role in different biological processes such as proliferation, invasion, pluripotency, metabolism, cell cycle control, ROS (reactive oxygen species) production, apoptosis, inflammation and autophagy. In the nucleus, p53 functions as a bona-fide transcription factor which activates and represses transcription of a number of target genes. In the cytoplasm, p53 can interact with proteins of the apoptotic machinery and by this also induces cell death. Despite being so important for the fate of the cell, expression levels of p53 are kept low in unstressed cells and the protein is largely inactive. The reason for the low expression level is that p53 is efficiently degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the vast inactivity of the tumor suppressor protein under normal growth conditions is due to the absence of activating and the presence of inactivating posttranslational modifications. E3s are important enzymes for these processes as they decorate p53 with ubiquitin and small ubiquitin-like proteins and by this control p53 degradation, stability and its subcellular localization. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135012
Veröffentlicht am 06.07.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3390/cancers13040745
Scopus
Zitationen: 3
Web of Science
Zitationen: 2
Dimensions
Zitationen: 5
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Biologische und Chemische Systeme (IBCS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2072-6694
KITopen-ID: 1000135012
HGF-Programm 47.14.02 (POF IV, LK 01) Information Storage and Processing in the Cell Nucleus
Erschienen in Cancers
Verlag MDPI
Band 13
Heft 4
Seiten Art.Nr. 745
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 11.02.2021
Schlagwörter p53; E3s; tumor
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Scopus
Web of Science
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