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Post-magmatic fracturing, fluid flow, and vein mineralization in supra-subduction zones: a comparative study on vein calcites from the Troodos ophiolite and the Izu–Bonin forearc and rear arc

Quandt, Dennis 1; Kurz, W.; Micheuz, P.
1 Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Based on the published data of pillow lava-hosted mineralized veins, this study compares post-magmatic fracturing, fluid flow, and secondary mineralization processes in the Troodos and Izu–Bonin supra-subduction zone (SSZ) and discusses the crucial factors for the development of distinct vein types. Thin section and cathodoluminescence petrography, Raman spectroscopy, fluid inclusion microthermometry, and trace element and isotope (87Sr/86Sr, δ18O, δ13C, Δ47) geochemistry indicate that most veins consist of calcite that precipitated from pristine to slightly modified seawater at temperatures < 50 °C. In response to the mode of fracturing, fluid supply, and mineral growth dynamics, calcites developed distinct blocky (precipitation into fluid-filled fractures), syntaxial (crack and sealing), and antitaxial (diffusion-fed displacive growth) vein microtextures with vein type-specific geochemical signatures. Blocky veins predominate in all study areas, whereas syntaxial veins represent subordinate structures. Antitaxial veins occur in all study areas but are particularly abundant in the Izu–Bonin rear arc where the local geological setting was conducive of antitaxial veining. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135344
Veröffentlicht am 14.07.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Geowissenschaften (AGW)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 03.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1437-3254, 1437-3262
KITopen-ID: 1000135344
Erschienen in International journal of earth sciences
Verlag Springer Verlag
Band 110
Heft 2
Seiten 627–649
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 13.02.2021
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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