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The Impact of COVID-19 on the Interrelation of Physical Activity, Screen Time and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents in Germany: Results of the Motorik-Modul Study

Wunsch, Kathrin 1; Nigg, Carina ORCID iD icon 1; Niessner, Claudia ORCID iD icon 1; Schmidt, Steffen C. E. 1; Oriwol, Doris 1; Hanssen-Doose, Anke 1; Burchartz, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1; Eichsteller, Ana 1; Kolb, Simon ORCID iD icon 1; Worth, Annette 1; Woll, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Reduced physical activity (PA) and prolonged screen time (ST) negatively influence health-related quality of life (HRQoL), a protective factor against illness and mortality. Studies addressing the relationship between PA, ST, and mental health in youth are scarce, especially in times with high mental health burdens like the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this examination was to investigate whether PA, ST, and HRQoL before COVID-19 predict PA, ST, and HRQoL during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants from the Motorik-Modul Study (MoMo; N = 1711; M$_{age}$ = 10.36 (SD = 4.04) years, female = 49.8%; healthy weight = 76.8%) self-reported their PA and ST as well as HRQoL both before and during COVID-19. Relationships of all variables, from before to during COVID-19, were investigated through a path prediction model. Results showed all variables during COVID-19 were predicted by the respective levels before COVID-19, independent of gender and age. Cross-lags revealed a negative influence of before COVID-19 ST on during COVID-19 PA. HRQoL before COVID-19 was positively associated with during COVID-19 PA in children younger than 10 years and females, but not in adolescents and boys. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135542
Veröffentlicht am 20.07.2021
DOI: 10.3390/children8020098
Zitationen: 74
Web of Science
Zitationen: 56
Zitationen: 95
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2227-9067
KITopen-ID: 1000135542
Erschienen in Children
Verlag MDPI
Band 8
Heft 2
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 98
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 02.02.2021
Schlagwörter KIDSCREEN-10; subjective physical activity assessment; COVID-19; coronavirus; physical activity; screen time; sedentary behavior; quality of life
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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