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Benchmarking Magnetizabilities with Recent Density Functionals

Lehtola, Susi; Dimitrova, Maria; Fliegl, Heike; Sundholm, Dage


We have assessed the accuracy for magnetic properties of a set of 51 density functional approximations, including both recently published as well as already established functionals. The accuracy assessment considers a series of 27 small molecules and is based on comparing the predicted magnetizabilities to literature reference values calculated using coupled cluster theory with full singles and doubles and perturbative triples [CCSD(T)] employing large basis sets. The most accurate magnetizabilities, defined as the smallest mean absolute error, were obtained with the BHandHLYP functional. Three of the six studied Berkeley functionals and the three range-separated Florida functionals also yield accurate magnetizabilities. Also some older functionals like CAM-B3LYP, KT1, BHLYP (BHandH), B3LYP and PBE0 perform rather well. In contrast, unsatisfactory performance was generally obtained with Minnesota functionals, which are therefore not recommended for calculations of magnetically induced current density susceptibilities, and related magnetic properties such as magnetizabilities and nuclear magnetic shieldings.
We also demonstrate that magnetizabilities can be calculated by numerical integration of the magnetizability density; we have implemented this approach as a new feature in the gauge-including magnetically induced current method (GIMIC). ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Nanotechnologie (INT)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht/Preprint
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 03.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000135735
Umfang 22 S.
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 18.02.2021
Nachgewiesen in arXiv
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