KIT | KIT-Bibliothek | Impressum | Datenschutz

Design of Vacuum Post‐Drying Procedures for Electrodes of Lithium‐Ion Batteries

Huttner, Fabienne; Marth, Axel; Eser, Jochen C. 1; Heckmann, Thilo ORCID iD icon 1; Mohacsi, Jonas 1; Mayer, Julian K.; Scharfer, Philip 1; Schabel, Wilhelm 1; Kwade, Arno
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


In order to reduce the residual moisture in lithium-ion batteries, electrodes and separators need to be post-dried prior to cell assembly. On an industrial scale, this is often conducted batch-wise in vacuum ovens for larger electrode and separator coils. Especially for electrodes, the corresponding post-drying parameters have to be carefully chosen to sufficiently reduce the moisture without damaging the sensitive microstructure. This requires a fundamental understanding of structural limitations as well as heat transfer and water mass transport in coils. The aim of this study is to establish a general understanding of the vacuum post-drying process of coils. Moreover, the targeted design of efficient, well-adjusted and application-oriented vacuum post-drying procedures for electrode coils on the basis of modelling is employed, while keeping the post-drying intensity as low as possible, in order to maintain the sensitive microstructure and to save time and costs. In this way, a comparatively short and moderate 2-phase vacuum post-drying procedure is successfully designed and practically applied. The results show that the designed procedure is able to significantly reduce the residual moisture of anode and cathode coils, even with greater electrode lengths and coating widths, without deteriorating the sensitive microstructure of the electrodes.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135772
Veröffentlicht am 17.11.2021
DOI: 10.1002/batt.202100088
Zitationen: 15
Web of Science
Zitationen: 14
Zitationen: 14
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Thermische Verfahrenstechnik (TVT)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 09.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2566-6223, 2566-6223
KITopen-ID: 1000135772
HGF-Programm 43.31.02 (POF IV, LK 01) Devices and Applications
Erschienen in Batteries & supercaps
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Band 4
Heft 9
Seiten 1499-1515
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 01.06.2021
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung Ziel 7 – Bezahlbare und saubere Energie
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
KITopen Landing Page