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A powerful lidar system capable of 1 h measurements of water vapour in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere as well as the temperature in the upper stratosphere and mesosphere

Klanner, Lisa 1; Höveler, Katharina 1; Khordakova, Dina; Perfahl, Matthias 1; Rolf, Christian; Trickl, Thomas 1; Vogelmann, Hannes 1
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


A high-power Raman lidar system has been installed at the high-altitude research station Schneefernerhaus (Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany) at 2675 ma.s.l. , at the side of an existing wide-range differential absorption lidar (DIAL). An industrial XeCl laser was modified for linearly polarized single-line operation at an average power of about 180 W. This high power and a 1.5 m diameter receiver allow us to extend the operating range for water-vapour sounding to 20 km for a measurement time of just 1 h, at an uncertainty level of the mixing ratio of 1 to 2 ppm. This was achieved for a vertical resolution varied between just 0.2 and 0.6 km in the stratosphere. The lidar was successfully validated with a balloon-borne cryogenic frost-point hygrometer (CFH). In addition, temperature measurements up to altitudes of around 87 km were demonstrated for 1 h of signal averaging. The system has been calibrated with the DIAL, the CFH and radiosondes.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135788
Veröffentlicht am 22.07.2021
DOI: 10.5194/amt-14-531-2021
Zitationen: 5
Web of Science
Zitationen: 4
Zitationen: 10
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1867-8548
KITopen-ID: 1000135788
HGF-Programm 12.11.13 (POF IV, LK 01) Long-term trends of global atmospheric composition
Erschienen in Atmospheric measurement techniques
Verlag Copernicus Publications
Band 14
Heft 1
Seiten 531–555
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 26.01.2021
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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