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Sports participation of children and adolescents in Germany: disentangling the influence of parental socioeconomic status

Rittsteiger, Lea 1; Hinz, Thomas; Oriwol, Doris 1; Wäsche, Hagen 1; Santos-Hövener, Claudia; Woll, Alexander ORCID iD icon 1
1 Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)



Participation in sports and physical activity (PA) is a critical resource for children’s health and social development. This study analyzes how the parental socioeconomic status (SES) of children and adolescents affects their PA in sports clubs (organized sports) and outside of sports clubs (unorganized sports) and tests whether the potential impact of parental SES is mediated by the opportunity structure of their residential area (walkability, infrastructure, etc.) and by family and peer support for PA. Furthermore, PA is analyzed respecting differences by gender and migration background.

Using representative data from the MoMo/KiGGS study (2009–2012 and 2014–2017), we take into account about 8000 measurements from about 7000 subjects. We estimate hurdle regression models to analyze the minutes per week spent on sports activities.

Results show that children with a higher parental SES, children living in areas with many opportunities for PA, and children receiving family and peer support are more physically active than children without these features. Controlled for opportunities and support, status effects are small but visible. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135819
Veröffentlicht am 26.07.2021
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-11284-9
Zitationen: 7
Web of Science
Zitationen: 7
Zitationen: 7
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1471-2458
KITopen-ID: 1000135819
Erschienen in BMC public health
Verlag Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden
Band 21
Heft 1
Seiten Art. Nr.: 1446
Bemerkung zur Veröffentlichung Gefördert durch den KIT-Publikationsfonds
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 23.07.2021
Schlagwörter Children, Physical activity, Sports, Club sports, Socioeconomic status, Gender, Migration background
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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