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Orographically induced spontaneous imbalance within the jet causing a large-scale gravity wave event

Geldenhuys, Markus; Preusse, Peter; Krisch, Isabell; Zülicke, Christoph; Ungermann, Jörn; Ern, Manfred; Friedl-Vallon, Felix 1; Riese, Martin
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


To better understand the impact of gravity waves (GWs) on the middle atmosphere in the current and future climate, it is essential to understand their excitation mechanisms and to quantify their basic properties. Here a new process for GW excitation by orography–jet interaction is discussed. In a case study, we identify the source of a GW observed over Greenland on 10 March 2016 during the POLSTRACC (POLar STRAtosphere in a Changing Climate) aircraft campaign. Measurements were taken with the Gimballed Limb Observer for Radiance Imaging of the Atmosphere (GLORIA) instrument deployed on the High Altitude Long Range (HALO) German research aircraft. The measured infrared limb radiances are converted into a 3D observational temperature field through the use of inverse modelling and limited-angle tomography. We observe GWs along a transect through Greenland where the GW packet covers ≈ 1/3 of the Greenland mainland. GLORIA observations indicate GWs between 10 and 13 km of altitude with a horizontal wavelength of 330 km, a vertical wavelength of 2 km and a large temperature amplitude of 4.5 K. Slanted phase fronts indicate intrinsic propagation against the wind, while the ground-based propagation is with the wind. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135990
Veröffentlicht am 30.07.2021
DOI: 10.5194/acp-21-10393-2021
Zitationen: 6
Web of Science
Zitationen: 5
Zitationen: 6
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe und Fernerkundung (IMK-ASF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7316, 1680-7324
KITopen-ID: 1000135990
HGF-Programm 12.11.25 (POF IV, LK 01) Atmospheric composition and circulation changes
Erschienen in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 21
Heft 13
Seiten 10393-10412
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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