# The impact of public acceptance on cost efficiency and environmental sustainability in decentralized energy systems

Weinand, Jann M.; McKenna, Russell; Kleinebrahm, Max; Scheller, Fabian; Fichtner, Wolf

## Abstract:

The bigger picture
Renewable energy technologies are necessary to maintain secure energy supplies and limit the impacts of climate change. Developments of these technologies are mostly planned purely based on economic criteria, but this can lead to resistance in local communities. Among the diverse renewable technologies, especially onshore wind turbines may negatively affect the scenicness of beautiful landscapes. We analyze how cost-efficient local energy systems could be impacted through public opposition toward onshore wind. In doing so, we draw on a database of public evaluation of landscape beauty across Germany. In the energy systems of German municipalities with high scenicness, onshore wind would mainly be replaced by solar photovoltaics. Depending on the location, the local energy systems may be associated with a significant increase in costs and CO$_{2}$ emissions. These insights can support local and national stakeholders in making decisions relating to energy and climate policy.
Summary
Local resistance often hinders renewable energy technology developments, especially for onshore wind. In decentralized energy systems, the landscape impact of wind turbines or transmission lines is a key barrier to public acceptance. ... mehr

 Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und Industrielle Produktion (IIP) Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz Publikationsjahr 2021 Sprache Englisch Identifikator ISSN: 2666-3899 KITopen-ID: 1000135991 HGF-Programm 37.12.01 (POF IV, LK 01) Digitalization & System Technology for Flexibility Solutions Erschienen in Patterns Verlag Elsevier Band 2 Heft 7 Seiten Art.-Nr.: 100301 Nachgewiesen in ScopusDimensions
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