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The impact of public acceptance on cost efficiency and environmental sustainability in decentralized energy systems

Weinand, Jann M.; McKenna, Russell; Kleinebrahm, Max; Scheller, Fabian; Fichtner, Wolf

Abstract:

The bigger picture
Renewable energy technologies are necessary to maintain secure energy supplies and limit the impacts of climate change. Developments of these technologies are mostly planned purely based on economic criteria, but this can lead to resistance in local communities. Among the diverse renewable technologies, especially onshore wind turbines may negatively affect the scenicness of beautiful landscapes. We analyze how cost-efficient local energy systems could be impacted through public opposition toward onshore wind. In doing so, we draw on a database of public evaluation of landscape beauty across Germany. In the energy systems of German municipalities with high scenicness, onshore wind would mainly be replaced by solar photovoltaics. Depending on the location, the local energy systems may be associated with a significant increase in costs and CO$_{2}$ emissions. These insights can support local and national stakeholders in making decisions relating to energy and climate policy.
Summary
Local resistance often hinders renewable energy technology developments, especially for onshore wind. In decentralized energy systems, the landscape impact of wind turbines or transmission lines is a key barrier to public acceptance. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000135991
Veröffentlicht am 30.07.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1016/j.patter.2021.100301
Scopus
Zitationen: 11
Dimensions
Zitationen: 13
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und Industrielle Produktion (IIP)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2666-3899
KITopen-ID: 1000135991
HGF-Programm 37.12.01 (POF IV, LK 01) Digitalization & System Technology for Flexibility Solutions
Erschienen in Patterns
Verlag Elsevier
Band 2
Heft 7
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 100301
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Dimensions
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