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Study of the Lithium Storage Mechanism of N-Doped Carbon-Modified Cu₂S Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Tian, Guiying 1; Huang, Chuanfeng; Luo, Xianlin ORCID iD icon 1; Zhao, Zijian; Peng, Yong; Gao, Yuqin; Tang, Na; Dsoke, Sonia ORCID iD icon 1
1 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Owing to their high specific capacity and abundant reserve, Cu$_{x}$S compounds are promising electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Carbon compositing could stabilize the Cu$_{x}$S structure and repress capacity fading during the electrochemical cycling, but the corresponding Li$^{+}$ storage mechanism and stabilization effect should be further clarified. In this study, nanoscale Cu$_{2}$S was synthesized by CuS co-precipitation and thermal reduction with polyelectrolytes. High-temperature synchrotron radiation diffraction was used to monitor the thermal reduction process. During the first cycle, the conversion mechanism upon lithium storage in the Cu$_{2}$S/carbon was elucidated by operando synchrotron radiation diffraction and in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The N-doped carbon-composited Cu$_{2}$S (Cu$_{2}$S/C) exhibits an initial discharge capacity of 425 mAh g$^{-1}$ at 0.1 A g$^{-1}$, with a higher, long-term capacity of 523 mAh g$^{-1}$ at 0.1 A g$^{-1}$ after 200 cycles; in contrast, the bare CuS electrode exhibits 123 mAh g$^{-1}$ after 200 cycles. Multiple-scan cyclic voltammetry proves that extra Li+ storage can mainly be ascribed to the contribution of the capacitive storage.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000136067
Veröffentlicht am 07.06.2022
DOI: 10.1002/chem.202101818
Zitationen: 7
Web of Science
Zitationen: 7
Zitationen: 9
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Energiespeichersysteme (IAM-ESS)
Helmholtz-Institut Ulm (HIU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 01.10.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0947-6539, 1521-3765
KITopen-ID: 1000136067
HGF-Programm 38.02.01 (POF IV, LK 01) Fundamentals and Materials
Erschienen in Chemistry - a European journal
Verlag John Wiley and Sons
Band 27
Heft 55
Seiten 13774-13782
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 28.07.2021
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
Globale Ziele für nachhaltige Entwicklung Ziel 7 – Bezahlbare und saubere Energie
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