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Bioenergy for climate change mitigation: Scale and sustainability

Calvin, Katherine; Cowie, Annette; Berndes, Göran; Arneth, Almut 1; Cherubini, Francesco; Portugal-Pereira, Joana; Grassi, Giacomo; House, Jo; Johnson, Francis X.; Popp, Alexander; Rounsevell, Mark 1; Slade, Raphael; Smith, Pete
1 Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


Many global climate change mitigation pathways presented in IPCC assessment reports rely heavily on the deployment of bioenergy, often used in conjunction with carbon capture and storage. We review the literature on bioenergy use for climate change mitigation, including studies that use top-down integrated assessment models or bottom-up modelling, and studies that do not rely on modelling. We summarize the state of knowledge concerning potential co-benefits and adverse side effects of bioenergy systems and discuss limitations of modelling studies used to analyse consequences of bioenergy expansion. The implications of bioenergy supply on mitigation and other sustainability criteria are context dependent and influenced by feedstock, management regime, climatic region, scale of deployment and how bioenergy alters energy systems and land use. Depending on previous land use, widespread deployment of monoculture plantations may contribute to mitigation but can cause negative impacts across a range of other sustainability criteria. Strategic integration of new biomass supply systems into existing agriculture and forest landscapes may result in less mitigation but can contribute positively to other sustainability objectives. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000136158
Veröffentlicht am 12.08.2021
DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12863
Zitationen: 17
Web of Science
Zitationen: 14
Zitationen: 19
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1757-1693, 1757-1707
KITopen-ID: 1000136158
HGF-Programm 12.11.21 (POF IV, LK 01) Natural ecosystems as sources and sinks of GHGs
Erschienen in GCB Bioenergy
Verlag Wiley Open Access
Band 13
Heft 9
Seiten 1346-1371
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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