Simple magnesium salts with high electrochemical and chemical stability and adequate ionic conductivity represent a new-generation electrolyte for magnesium (Mg) batteries. Similar to other Mg electrolytes, the simple-salt electrolyte also suffers from high charge-transfer resistance on the Mg surface due to the adsorbed species in the solution. In the current study, we built a model Mg cell system with the Mg[B(hfip)4]2/DME electrolyte and Chevrel phase Mo6S8 cathode, to demonstrate the effect of such anode–electrolyte interfacial properties on the full-cell performance. It was found that the cell required additional activation cycles to achieve its maximal capacity. The activation process is mainly attributed to the conditioning of the anode–electrolyte interface, which could be boosted by introducing an additive amount of Mg(BH4)2 to the Mg[B(hfip)4]2/DME electrolyte. Electrochemical and spectroscopic analyses revealed that the Mg(BH4)2 additive helps to remove the native oxide layer and promotes the formation of a solid electrolyte interphase layer on Mg. As a result, the full cell with the additive-containing electrolyte delivered a stable capacity from the second cycle onward. ... mehrFurther battery tests showed a reversible cycling for 600 cycles and an excellent rate capability, indicating good compatibility of the Mg(BH4)2 additive. The current study not only provides fundamental insights into the interfacial phenomena in Mg batteries but also highlights the facile tunability of the simple-salt Mg electrolytes.