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Challenges and transformative opportunities in superconductor vortex physics

Eley, Serena; Glatz, Andreas; Willa, Roland 1
1 Institut für Theorie der Kondensierten Materie (TKM), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)


In superconductors, the motion of vortices introduces unwanted dissipation that is disruptive to applications. Fortunately, material defects can immobilize vortices, acting as vortex pinning centers, which engenders dramatic improvements in superconductor material properties and device operation. This has motivated decades of research into developing methods of tailoring the disorder landscape in superconductors to increase the strength of vortex pinning. Yet, efficacious materials engineering still eludes us. The electromagnetic properties of real (disordered) superconducting materials cannot yet be reliably predicted, such that designing superconductors for applications remains a largely inefficient process of trial and error. This is ultimately due to large gaps in our knowledge of vortex dynamics: the field is challenged by the extremely complex interplay between vortex elasticity, vortex–vortex interactions, and material disorder. In this Perspective, we review obstacles and recent successes in understanding and controlling vortex dynamics in superconducting materials and devices. We further identify major open questions and discuss opportunities for transformative research in the field. ... mehr

DOI: 10.1063/5.0055611
Zitationen: 7
Web of Science
Zitationen: 6
Zitationen: 10
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Theorie der Kondensierten Materie (TKM)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 08.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0021-8979, 1089-7550
KITopen-ID: 1000136396
Erschienen in Journal of applied physics
Verlag American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Band 130
Heft 5
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 050901
Externe Relationen Abstract/Volltext
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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