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Predicting Delay in Goal-Directed Action: An Experience Sampling Approach Uncovering Within-Person Determinants Involved in the Onset of Academic Procrastination Behavior

Wieland, Lena M. ORCID iD icon; Ebner-Priemer, Ulrich W.; Limberger, Matthias F.; Nett, Ulrike E.


Academic procrastination involves the delayed implementation of actions required to fulfill study-related tasks. These behavioral delays are thought to result from momentary failures in self-regulation (i.e., within-person processes). Most previous studies focused on the role of trait-based individual differences in students’ procrastination tendencies. Little is known about the within-person processes involved in the occurrence of procrastination behavior in real-life academic situations. The present study applied an event-based experience sampling approach to investigate whether the onset of task-specific delay behavior can be attributed to unfavorable changes in students’ momentary appraisals of tasks (value, aversiveness, effort, expectations of success), which may indicate failures in self-regulation arise between critical phases of goal-directed action. University students (N = 75) used an electronic diary over eight days to indicate their next days’ intentions to work on academic tasks and their task-specific appraisals (n = 582 academic tasks planned). For each task, a second query requested the next day determined whether students’ task-related appraisals changed and whether they implemented their intention on time or delayed working on the respective task (n = 501 completed task-specific measurements). ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000137041
Veröffentlicht am 12.09.2021
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.695927
Zitationen: 1
Zitationen: 1
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT House of Competence (HoC)
Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Universität Karlsruhe (TH) – Zentrale Einrichtungen (Zentrale Einrichtungen)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1664-1078
KITopen-ID: 1000137041
Erschienen in Frontiers in Psychology
Verlag Frontiers Media SA
Band 12
Seiten 695927
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
KIT – Die Forschungsuniversität in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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