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Anti-Poiseuille flow in neutral graphene

Narozhny, B. N. 1; Gornyi, I. V. 1,2; Titov, M.
1 Institut für Theorie der Kondensierten Materie (TKM), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
2 Institut für Quantenmaterialien und -technologien (IQMT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Abstract (englisch):

Hydrodynamic flow of charge carriers in graphene is an energy flow unlike the usual mass flow in conventional fluids. In neutral graphene, the energy flow is decoupled from the electric current, making it difficult to observe the hydrodynamic effects and measure the viscosity of the electronic fluid by means of electric current measurements. In particular, we show that the hallmark Poiseuille flow in a narrow channel cannot be driven by the electric field irrespective of boundary conditions at the channel edges. Nevertheless, one can observe nonuniform current densities similarly to the case of the well-known ballistic-diffusive crossover. The standard diffusive behavior with the uniform current density across the channel is achieved under the assumptions of specular scattering on the channel boundaries. This flow can also be made nonuniform by applying weak magnetic fields. In this case, the curvature of the current density profile is determined by the quasiparticle recombination processes dominated by the disorder-assisted electron-phonon scattering—the so-called supercollisions.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.104.075443
Zitationen: 7
Web of Science
Zitationen: 6
Zitationen: 9
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Quantenmaterialien und -technologien (IQMT)
Institut für Theorie der Kondensierten Materie (TKM)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 08.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2469-9950, 2469-9969
KITopen-ID: 1000137269
HGF-Programm 47.11.03 (POF IV, LK 01) Quantum Nanoscience
Erschienen in Physical Review B
Verlag American Physical Society (APS)
Band 104
Heft 7
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 075443
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 24.08.2021
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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