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Supply curves of electricity-based gaseous fuels in the MENA region

Lux, Benjamin; Gegenheimer, Johanna; Franke, Katja; Sensfuß, Frank; Pfluger, Benjamin

Abstract:
The utilization of electricity-based fuels (e-fuels) is a potential strategy component for achieving greenhouse gas neutrality in the European Union (EU). As renewable electricity production sites in the EU itself might be scarce and relatively expensive, importing e-fuels from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) could be a complementary and cost-efficient option. Using the energy system model Enertile, supply curves for hydrogen and synthetic methane in the MENA region are determined for the years 2030 and 2050 to evaluate this import option techno-economically. The model optimizes investments in renewable electricity production, e-fuel production chains, and local electricity transport infrastructures. Analyses of renewable electricity generation potentials show that the MENA region in particular has large low-cost solar power potentials. Optimization results in Enertile show for a weighted average cost of capital of 7% that substantial hydrogen production starts above 100 €/MWhH2 in 2030 and above 70 €/MWhH2 in 2050. Substantial synthetic methane production in the model results starts above 170 €/MWhCH4 in 2030 and above 120 €/MWhCH4 in 2050. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000139163
Veröffentlicht am 20.10.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Engler-Bunte-Institut (EBI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 12.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0360-8352, 1879-0550
KITopen-ID: 1000139163
Erschienen in Computers and Industrial Engineering
Verlag Elsevier
Band 162
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 107647
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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