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Reduction in magnetic coercivity of Co nanomagnets by Fe alloying

Yang, Hung-Hsiang; Hsu, Chuan-Che; Asakawa, Kanta; Lin, Wen-Chin; Hasegawa, Yukio

We measured the magnetic hysteresis and coercivity of individual Co and Co$_{0.8}$Fe$_{0.2}$ bilayer nano-sized island structures formed on Cu (111) substrate using spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. From the hysteresis taken on various sizes of islands, we found that the alloyed islands are ferromagnetic with out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy, same as the pure islands. Coercivity of the alloy islands, which is dependent on their size, was significantly reduced to ≈40% of that of the pure islands. Based on the Stoner–Wohlfarth model, we evaluated the amount of magnetic anisotropic energy and anisotropy constant for both pure and alloy islands. Since tunneling spectra taken on the alloy islands show upward shifts of the valence electronic states as compared to the pure ones, fewer electrons populated in the valence band of the alloy islands are presumably responsible for the reduction in the magnetic anisotropic energy.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000139339
Veröffentlicht am 29.10.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Physikalisches Institut (PHI)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2040-3364, 2040-3372
KITopen-ID: 1000139339
Erschienen in Nanoscale
Verlag Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
Band 13
Heft 39
Seiten 16719-16725
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
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