In vibration tests, the behavior of the structure depends on its mechanical boundary conditions, which are represented in physical tests by connecting elements with mechanical properties. Adjustable impedance elements are machine elements fulfilling the task of an adjustable connection on a vibration test bench and therefore represent a variety of properties. Their mechanical properties must be known over wider ranges than comparable compliant structures tested in the literature. This paper is dedicated to vibration testing of the adjustable impedance elements themselves, taking the influences of fixtures and measuring devices of the test bench into account. Different approaches for measuring the frequency response functions are applied to freely vibrating masses at a hydraulic and an electrodynamic test bench. Mass cancellation and the frequency-dependent measurement systems function have shown their usefulness in characterizing the biodynamic response of hand–arm models before. This measurement method is extended to be transferable to machine elements to obtain reliable results under a wider range of test conditions. The necessity for dynamically calibrated measurement of the frequency response functions is demonstrated for different free vibration masses and for two compliant elements on two different test benches to provide results over a wide range of test conditions.