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Indicators to assess physical health of children and adolescents in activity research—A scoping review

Kolb, S.; Burchartz, A.; Oriwol, D.; Schmidt, S. C. E.; Woll, A.; Niessner, C.

Abstract:
Sufficient physical activity can help promote and maintain health, while its lack can jeopardize it. Since health and physical activity lay their foundation for later life in childhood and adolescence, it is important to examine this relationship from the beginning. Therefore, this scoping review aims to provide an overview of physical health indicators in children and adolescents in research on the effects of physical activity and sedentary behavior. We identified the indicators used to quantify or assess physical health and summarized the methods used to measure these indicators. We systematically searched Scopus, Pubmed, and Web of Science databases for systematic reviews. The search yielded 4595 records from which 32 records were included in the review. The measurements for physical health reported in the reviews contained measures of body composition, cardiometabolic biomarkers, physical fitness, harm/injury, or bone health. Body composition was the most used indicator to assess and evaluate physical health in children, whereas information on harm and injury was barely available. In future research longitudinal studies are mandatory to focus on the prospective relationships between physical activity or sedentary behavior, and physical health.


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000139355
Veröffentlicht am 29.10.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182010711
Scopus
Zitationen: 1
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaft (IfSS)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1661-7827, 1660-4601
KITopen-ID: 1000139355
Erschienen in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Verlag MDPI
Band 18
Heft 20
Seiten 10711
Schlagwörter body composition; cardiometabolic biomarkers; physical fitness; youth; physical activity; sedentary behavior
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Scopus
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