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Cryogenic developments towards the Einstein Telescope (ET)

Grohmann, Steffen

Abstract (englisch):
The Einstein Telescope (ET) is a 3rd generation gravitational-wave detector planned in triangular shape with 10 km arm lengths in an underground installation at a depth of 200 m to 300 m. While 2nd generation detectors and the ET high-frequency interferometer are operated at room-temperature, the ET low-frequency (LF) interferometer shall be operated at cryogenic mirror temperatures of 10 K to 20 K, extending the frequency range of ET down to 3 Hz and opening a new window to precision astronomy. The cryogenic operation is required to reduce the Brownian motion of atoms in the mirrors and suspensions that limits the achievable sensitivity. The mirror cooling, however, needs to be performed in an ultra-quiet manner in order to ensure a mirror stability on the level of $1\times10^{-20}\,\mathrm{m/\sqrt{Hz}}$. Beside the challenging mirror cooling, cryogenic developments are required for cryopumping in the cryostats, in particular for the mitigation and the regeneration of frost formation on the mirror surfaces, and for the cooling of large cryo-traps between the 10 km arm pipe ends and the cryostats.
Starting with an overview on the ET objectives, design and project schedule, this talk summarises the cryogenic requirements of this large-scale future experiment. ... mehr


Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000139629
Veröffentlicht am 04.11.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Technische Thermodynamik und Kältetechnik (TTK)
Institut für Beschleunigerphysik und Technologie (IBPT)
Publikationstyp Vortrag
Publikationsdatum 04.11.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000139629
HGF-Programm 54.11.11 (POF IV, LK 01) Accelerator Operation, Research and Development
Veranstaltung European Cryogenic Days (2021), Online, 03.11.2021 – 04.11.2021
Projektinformation Einstein-Teleskop (BMBF, 05A20VK4)
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