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ConTra Corona : Contact Tracing against the Coronavirus by Bridging the Centralized–Decentralized Divide for Stronger Privacy

Beskorovajnov, Wasilij; Dörre, Felix; Hartung, Gunnar; Koch, Alexander; Müller-Quade, Jörn; Strufe, Thorsten

Abstract:
Contact tracing is among the most important interventions
to mitigate the spread of any pandemic, usually in the form of manual
contact tracing. Smartphone-facilitated digital contact tracing may help to
increase tracing capabilities and extend the coverage to those contacts one
does not know in person. Most implemented protocols use local Bluetooth
Low Energy (BLE) communication to detect contagion-relevant proximity,
together with cryptographic protections, as necessary to improve the
privacy of the users of such a system. However, current decentralized
protocols, including DP3T, do not sufficiently protect infected
users from having their status revealed to their contacts, which raises
fear of stigmatization.
We alleviate this by proposing a new and practical solution with stronger
privacy guarantees against active adversaries. It is based on the upload-
what-you-observed paradigm, includes a separation of duties on the
server side, and a mechanism to ensure that users cannot deduce which
encounter caused a warning with high time resolution. Finally, we present
a simulation-based security notion of digital contact tracing in the real-
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Volltext §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000139714
Veröffentlicht am 09.11.2021
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Informationssicherheit und Verlässlichkeit (KASTEL)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht/Preprint
Publikationsdatum 04.11.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000139714
HGF-Programm 46.23.01 (POF IV, LK 01) Methods for Engineering Secure Systems
Verlag Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Externe Relationen Siehe auch
Schlagwörter Digital Contact Tracing, Privacy, Transmissible Diseases, Active Security, Anonymity, Security Modeling, Ideal Functionality
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