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Effects of crop residue incorporation and properties on combined soil gaseous N$_{2}$O, NO, and NH$_{3}$ emissions—A laboratory-based measurement approach

Janz, Baldur; Havermann, Felix; Lashermes, Gwenaëlle; Zuazo, Pablo; Engelsberger, Florian; Torabi, Seyedeh Mahsa; Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus

Abstract:
Crop residues may serve as a significant source of soil emissions of N$_{2}$O and other trace gases. According to the emission factors (EFs) set by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), N$_{2}$O emission is proportional to the amount of N added by residues to the soil. However, the effects of crop residues on the source and sink strength of agroecosystems for trace gases are regulated by their properties, such as the C and N content; C/N ratio; lignin, cellulose, and soluble fractions; and residue humidity. In the present study, an automated dynamic chamber method was used in combination with soil mesocosms to simultaneously measure the effects of nine different crop residues (oilseed rape, winter wheat, field pea, maize, potato, mustard, red clover, sugar beet, and ryegrass) on soil respiration (CO$_{2}$) and reactive N fluxes (N$_{2}$O, NO, and NH$_{3}$) at a high temporal resolution. Specifically, crop residues were incorporated in the 0–4 cm topsoil layer and incubated for 60 days at a constant temperature (15 °C) and water-filled pore space (60% WFPS). Residue incorporation immediately and sharply increased soil N$_{2}$O and CO$_{2}$ emissions, but these were short-lived and returned to background levels within respectively 10 and 30 days. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000139751
Veröffentlicht am 12.11.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151051
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung - Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 0048-9697, 1879-1026
KITopen-ID: 1000139751
Erschienen in Science of the Total Environment
Verlag Elsevier
Seiten Art.-Nr.: 151051
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
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