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Guidelines for Studying Diverse Types of Compound Weather and Climate Events

Bevacqua, Emanuele; De Michele, Carlo; Manning, Colin; Couasnon, Anaïs; Ribeiro, Andreia F. S.; Ramos, Alexandre M.; Vignotto, Edoardo; Bastos, Ana; Blesić, Suzana; Durante, Fabrizio; Hillier, John; Oliveira, Sérgio C.; Pinto, Joaquim G.; Ragno, Elisa; Rivoire, Pauline; Saunders, Kate; Wiel, Karin; Wu, Wenyan; Zhang, Tianyi; ... mehr


Compound weather and climate events are combinations of climate drivers and/or hazards that contribute to societal or environmental risk. Studying compound events often requires a multidisciplinary approach combining domain knowledge of the underlying processes with, for example, statistical methods and climate model outputs. Recently, to aid the development of research on compound events, four compound event types were introduced, namely (a) preconditioned, (b) multivariate, (c) temporally compounding, and (d) spatially compounding events. However, guidelines on how to study these types of events are still lacking. Here, we consider four case studies, each associated with a specific event type and a research question, to illustrate how the key elements of compound events (e.g., analytical tools and relevant physical effects) can be identified. These case studies show that (a) impacts on crops from hot and dry summers can be exacerbated by preconditioning effects of dry and bright springs. (b) Assessing compound coastal flooding in Perth (Australia) requires considering the dynamics of a non-stationary multivariate process. For instance, future mean sea-level rise will lead to the emergence of concurrent coastal and fluvial extremes, enhancing compound flooding risk. ... mehr

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000139998
Veröffentlicht am 12.11.2021
DOI: 10.1029/2021EF002340
Zitationen: 38
Web of Science
Zitationen: 30
Zitationen: 42
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Forschungsbereich Troposphäre (IMK-TRO)
Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung (IMK)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 11.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 2328-4277, 2328-4277
KITopen-ID: 1000139998
HGF-Programm 12.11.33 (POF IV, LK 01) Regional Climate and Hydrological Cycle
Erschienen in Earth's future
Verlag Wiley Open Access
Band 9
Heft 11
Seiten e2021EF002340
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 25.10.2021
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Web of Science
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