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Autonomous Vehicles Drive into Shared Spaces: EHMI Design Concept Focusing on Vulnerable Road Users

Li, Yang; Cheng, H.; Zeng, Z.; Liu, H.; Sester, M.

In comparison to conventional traffic designs, shared spaces promote a more pleasant urban environment with slower motorized movement, smoother traffic, and less congestion. In the foreseeable future, shared spaces will be populated with a mixture of autonomous vehicles (AVs) and vulnerable road users (VRUs) like pedestrians and cyclists. However, a driver-less AV lacks a way to communicate with the VRUs when they have to reach an agreement of a negotiation, which brings new challenges to the safety and smoothness of the traffic. To find a feasible solution to integrating AVs seamlessly into shared-space traffic, we first identified the possible issues that the shared-space designs have not considered for the role of AVs. Then an online questionnaire was used to ask participants about how they would like a driver of the manually driving vehicle to communicate with VRUs in a shared space. We found that when the driver wanted to give some suggestions to the VRUs in a negotiation, participants thought that the communications via the driver's body behaviors were necessary. Besides, when the driver conveyed information about her/his intentions and cautions to the VRUs, participants selected different communication methods with respect to their transport modes (as a driver, pedestrian, or cyclist). ... mehr

Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Arbeitswissenschaft und Betriebsorganisation (IFAB)
Publikationstyp Forschungsbericht/Preprint
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator KITopen-ID: 1000140349
Nachgewiesen in arXiv
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