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Synthesis of niobium-alumina composite aggregates and their application in coarse-grained refractory ceramic-metal castables

Zienert, T.; Endler, D.; Hubálková, J.; Günay, G.; Weidner, A.; Biermann, H.; Kraft, B.; Wagner, Stefan; Aneziris, C. G.


Niobium-alumina aggregate fractions with particle sizes up to 3150 µm were produced by crushing pre-synthesised fine-grained composites. Phase separation with niobium enrichment in the aggregate class 45–500 µm was revealed by XRD/Rietveld analysis. To reduce the amount of carbon-based impurities, no organic additives were used for the castable mixtures, which resulted in water demands of approximately 27 vol.% for the fine- and coarse-grained castables. As a consequence, open porosities of 18% and 30% were determined for the fine- and coarse-grained composites, respectively. Due to increased porosity, the modulus of rupture at room temperature decreased from 52 MPa for the fine-grained composite to 11 MPa for the coarse-grained one. However, even the compressive yield strength decreased from 49 MPa to 18 MPa at 1300 °C for the fine-grained to the coarse-grained composite, the latter showed still plasticity with a strain up to 5%. The electrical conductivity of fine-grained composite samples was in the range between 40 and 60 S/cm, which is fifteen magnitudes above the values of pure corundum.

Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000140451
Veröffentlicht am 07.12.2021
DOI: 10.3390/ma14216453
Zitationen: 10
Web of Science
Zitationen: 8
Zitationen: 11
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Angewandte Materialien – Keramische Werkstoffe und Technologien (IAM-KWT1)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsdatum 27.10.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1996-1944
KITopen-ID: 1000140451
Erschienen in Materials
Verlag MDPI
Band 14
Heft 21
Seiten Art.Nr. 6453
Schlagwörter refractory composite; aggregate synthesis; castable
Nachgewiesen in Scopus
Web of Science
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