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Measurement report: Molecular characteristics of cloud water in southern China and insights into aqueous-phase processes from Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry

Sun, Wei; Fu, Yuzhen; Zhang, Guohua; Yang, Yuxiang; Jiang, Feng ORCID iD icon; Lian, Xiufeng; Jiang, Bin; Liao, Yuhong; Bi, Xinhui; Chen, Duohong; Chen, Jianmin; Wang, Xinming; Ou, Jie; Peng, Ping'an; Sheng, Guoying

Abstract:

Characterizing the molecular composition of cloud water could provide unique insights into aqueous chemistry. Field measurements were conducted at Mt. Tianjing in southern China in May, 2018. There are thousands of formulas (C$_{5-30}$H$_{4-55}$O$_{1-15}$N$_{0-2}$S$_{0-2}$) identified in cloud water by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). CHON formulas (formulas containing C, H, O, and N elements; the same is true for CHO and CHOS) represent the dominant component (43.6 %–65.3 % of relative abundance), followed by CHO (13.8 %–52.1%). S-containing formulas constitute ∼5 %–20 % of all assigned formulas. Cloud water has a relative-abundance-weighted average O/C of 0.45–0.56, and the double bond equivalent of 5.10–5.70. Most of the formulas (>85 %) are assigned as aliphatic and olefinic species. No statistical difference in the oxidation state is observed between cloud water and interstitial PM$_{2.5}$. CHON with aromatic structures are abundant in cloud water, suggesting their enhanced in-cloud formation. Other organics in cloud water are mainly from biomass burning and oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds. ... mehr


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000141352
Veröffentlicht am 18.12.2021
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.5194/acp-21-16631-2021
Scopus
Zitationen: 18
Web of Science
Zitationen: 15
Dimensions
Zitationen: 16
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung Atmosphärische Aerosolforschung (IMKAAF)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsjahr 2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1680-7324
KITopen-ID: 1000141352
HGF-Programm 12.11.31 (POF IV, LK 01) New observational systems and cross platform integration
Erschienen in Atmospheric chemistry and physics
Verlag European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Band 21
Heft 22
Seiten 16631–16644
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 15.11.2021
Nachgewiesen in Dimensions
Scopus
Web of Science
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