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Restoring Degraded Lands

Arneth, Almut; Olsson, Lennart; Cowie, Annette; Erb, Karl-Heinz; Hurlbert, Margot; Kurz, Werner A.; Mirzabaev, Alisher; Rounsevell, Mark D. A. ORCID iD icon

Abstract:

Land degradation continues to be an enormous challenge to human societies, reducing food security, emitting greenhouse gases and aerosols, driving the loss of biodiversity, polluting water, and undermining a wide range of ecosystem services beyond food supply and water and climate regulation. Climate change will exacerbate several degradation processes. Investment in diverse restoration efforts, including sustainable agricultural and forest land management, as well as land set aside for conservation wherever possible, will generate co-benefits for climate change mitigation and adaptation and morebroadly for human and societal well-being and the economy. This review highlights the magnitude of the degradation problem and some of the key challenges for ecological restoration. There are biophysical as well as societal limits to restoration. Better integrating policies to jointly address poverty, land degradation, and greenhouse gas emissions and removals is fundamental to reducing many existing barriers and contributing to climate-resilient sustainable development.


Verlagsausgabe §
DOI: 10.5445/IR/1000142111
Veröffentlicht am 19.01.2022
Originalveröffentlichung
DOI: 10.1146/annurev-environ-012320-054809
Scopus
Zitationen: 19
Web of Science
Zitationen: 17
Dimensions
Zitationen: 27
Cover der Publikation
Zugehörige Institution(en) am KIT Institut für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung – Atmosphärische Umweltforschung (IMK-IFU)
Institut für Geographie und Geoökologie (IFGG)
Publikationstyp Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Publikationsmonat/-jahr 10.2021
Sprache Englisch
Identifikator ISSN: 1543-5938, 1545-2050
KITopen-ID: 1000142111
HGF-Programm 12.11.21 (POF IV, LK 01) Natural ecosystems as sources and sinks of GHGs
Erschienen in Annual review of environment and resources
Verlag Annual Reviews
Band 46
Seiten 569–599
Vorab online veröffentlicht am 20.08.2021
Schlagwörter climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, carbon cycle, biodiversity, global environmental change
Nachgewiesen in Web of Science
Dimensions
Scopus
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